Ammonia was used during World War II to power buses in Belgium, and in engine and solar energy applications prior to 1900. Liquid ammonia also fuelled the Reaction Motors XLR99 rocket engine, that powered the X-15 hypersonic research aircraft. Although not as powerful as other fuels, it left no soot in the reusable rocket engine and its density approximately matches the density of the oxidizer, liquid oxygen, which simplified the aircraft’s design.
Ammonia has been proposed as a practical alternative to fossil fuel for internal combustion engines. The calorific value of ammonia is 22.5 MJ/kg (9690 BTU/lb), which is about half that of diesel. In a normal engine, in which the water vapour is not condensed, the calorific value of ammonia will be about 21% less than this figure. It can be used in existing engines with only minor modifications to carburettors/injectors. Continue reading
2013 NH3 Fuel Conference
The Tenth Annual NH3 Fuel Conference
September 22 – 25, 2013 • Sacramento, CA
Sacramento, California http://nh3fuelassociation.org/events-/#agenda
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Q: What is ammonia?
A: Ammonia is simply Hydrogen and Nitrogen (NH3). Notice there is no carbon (C) in “NH3”. That means when you burn ammonia, it cannot release carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, or other greenhouse pollutants. Continue reading
By now we all know we’re in a climate change emergency. Many poeple also know that fossil fuels kill millions through air, land and water pollution.
But very few are aware that a cheap alternative fuel has existed all along, suppressed by the Fossil Fools for over 100 years.
And hardly anyone will believe this alternative is 100% CO2-free and produces no toxic gases when burned, is safer than petroleum and can be made locally from solar electricity, air and water. Continue reading